The choice of tyres will depend on where you live, where you plan to drive, what type of driving and what surface you will be driving on.
Where you live will decide if you will use summer and winter tyres, which is the case in Northern Europe. In the Nordics winter tyres are mandatory and have to be used during the winter season. You can choose between studded tyres or non-studded tyres, which are made for winter. The studded tyres are of course excellent on icy surfaces and both the studded and non-studded tyres are good on snow. The change of tyres needs to be done before the winter starts and for studded winter tyres there is an exact date when they are not any longer allowed.
If you live in central Europe, then you have the option of using an all-weather tyre that is winter approved. SUV all weather tyres can handle winter conditions much better than a summer tyre, so if there is a possibility for you to experience some winter weather then this might be a good choice for you. This will keep you safe all year around and you don’t have to worry about changing tyres between seasons.
There might also be areas in central Europe where you might want to go for winter tyres. If you do this, and then you will need to change between summer and winter tyres. You will need to check what regulations are in force when it comes to studded tyres, as some countries like Germany they are banned. So if you plan to drive across borders, you need to know what regulations are in place in the other countries.
Some countries allow you to use snow chains, which are devices that go on top of your tyres. The speed has to be reduced when driving with snow chain and you should in most cases not drive faster than 50km/h.
The real difference between summer and winter tyres lies in the rubber composition, where the summer tyres are made such that they can cope with hot temperatures and excel on dry roads and manage wet roads. The winter tyres have different tread design to handle slush and snow. The rubber compound is made so that they remain soft despite that the temperatures goes way below zero. A summer tyre would become very hard during those temperatures and lose its grip and should thus be avoided.