The tyres on a car
are very important for the performance of the car. They are able to translate
the performance of the car to actually performance on the road.
tyre selection you can’t really translate the perfect performance of the car.
This is very evident when it comes to a sports car that should be able to take
corners at a high speed, but with bad tyres the tyres will lose grip and skid
potentially out of control.
Bad tyres can also
turn a car that should be safe into a car that has bad safety performance, as
the grip is bad. Good tyres need to have both good wet and dry grip on the
surface that you drive on.
If you also drive
on winter surfaces, it is important to have winter tyres that can provide
sufficient grip and traction on snow and ice, so that you can drive safely.
For winter tyres
you can often choose between studded
tyres and in some areas also winter approved all-weather
tyres. These have different situations where they excel and the choice
depends on what is most suitable for you.
provide the best grip on ice, but have some limitations on where they can be
used and also limitations on the period they can be used.
have very good flexibility as they can be used anywhere, but they should only
be used during the winter season.
tyres can be used all year round and are very flexible and can be used in most
places. With them you are always ready to drive, but for long winters it is
still better to alternate between summer and winter tyres.
The ability to have one set of tyres for the whole year can be advantageous for the countries that allow all year round tyres. By having one set of tyres that are winter approved, but can still be used during the summer is great, as you don’t have to worry about when to change tyres. You then only have to worry about one thing and that is the wear of the tyres, by measuring the tread depth and ensure that you rotate the tyres to achieve even wear between the rear and the front tyres. If you are able to manage that you can have a very trouble free driving experience.
Winter approved all-weather tyres are not available in all countries as they are mainly meant for areas that don’t have mandatory winter tyre regulations, where winter tyres are mandatory for a longer period of time. So there it makes sense to have two separate sets of tyres. Also the dedicated winter tyres do perform better as they have been optimized for only one season, while the all-weather tyres have been designed to cover both summer and winter weather. They are however much better and safer than trying to drive with summer tyres in winter conditions.
When you don’t have to worry about when to change tyres to winter tyres, then you are always ready to drive. You will never have to leave behind because you have the wrong tyres on your car. This is great if you really need your car for daily driving, as you won’t have to risk getting caught with wrong tyres on your car. The key is really that it is unsafe to drive with summer tyres, so that if you end up with summer tyres and the weather has changed so that you all of a sudden have winter weather, then you should never try to drive. This can cause problems for some that are dependent on their cars and will still try to drive. The all-weather tyres provide a very good way for these people not having to worry about he weather. Also for people who live in areas that can have very much alternating weather or live close to areas where you can within a few hours drive reach different conditions. Here these tyres can be your perfect tyre.
There is one type of tyre that can be used all year round regardless of what weather condition you will experience. These are the so-called all-weather tyres that if they are winter approved can handle both summer and winter conditions. This is excellent news for people who live in areas where the weather can change drastically or if you live in areas where there is always only a few hours drive for either a beach experience or a day on the ski slopes. Here you can imagine it would be almost impossible to have an active lifestyle if you were forced to change tyres in between.
The all-weather tyres allow you to always be ready to drive and not having to worry about changing from summer tyres to winter tyres depending on what weather there might be. The same might happen if you often alternate between summer weather and winter weather because you live in an area that is between the season zones. If you live in Northern Europe or Southern Europe it is quite clear, in the North you will have two sets of tyres, one set of summer tyres and one set of winter tyres, as the season is so distinct. Winter tyres will always give you the best performance and the season is long and harsh enough to actually change tyres.
If you live in Southern Europe, you will mostly be ok with
just having summer tyres, so no need ever for winter tyres. If you still have
some occasional winter weather, you can choose all-weather tyres, or then not
use your car during the time you have the winter weather. The options are easy,
the all-weather tyres provide you with great safety in these conditions and you
should not drive your car if you have summer tyres on the car and you have snow
or ice on the ground. Summer tyres will not be able to perform in these
conditions and you will not have sufficient grip to avoid an accident. The
heavier car you have the more difficult it will be to get your car to stop.
The all-weather tyres is a great tyre option for people who
are in daily need of the car and want to be able to drive everyday regardless of
weather conditions and don’t want to bother with changing tyres.
Tight timetable and stress is not a good starting condition for driving. This is even more important to realize during the wintertime, where being in a hurry can easily end up in an accident. Driving should be all about driving cautiously and taking your time. Making sure that you keep sufficient distance to the cars in front of you as well as allowing the time it takes regardless of heavy traffic or unexpected events or delays. It is of course extra important to keep your distance during wintertime if you have snow or icy conditions, as your braking distance will be prolonged.
Make sure that you have equipped your vehicle with a good set of summer tyres for the summer season and a good set of winter tyres for the winter season. Both will in each their own way, help to ensure that you will have the best performance of your vehicle. This is why you alternate between these tyres, so that you best can handle the specifics of each season. During the summer season, you want to make sure that you have superior grip on dry and wet roads with excellent driving response.
During the winter season you have the option to choose either studded or non-studded tyres, if they are allowed in the country you live. In some countries you also have the all-weather tyres, which is a hybrid of a summer and a winter tyre and can be winter approved and have the 3PMSF-symbol on the sidewall. As long as they are winter approved they will give you good performance on winter surfaces. You still need to change to summer tyres if you have winter tyres, unless you use all-weather tyres that are designed for all year round use.
For normal winter and summer tyres, they are created for
just one season. This means that the rubber compound and the tread designed is
specifically designed for the conditions that you face during these conditions.
So during the summer it is mainly wet and dry roads, while being able to
prevent aquaplaning. For winter you will need to ensure that the tyre remains
soft even at very low temperatures. They also have to excel on surfaces such as
ice and snow, while also being able to prevent slushplaning in slushy
There is a reason why you need to change to winter tyres during the winter, if you plan to drive in winter conditions. Winter conditions isn’t merely snow and ice, it is also cold temperatures. When the temperature drops below zero degrees Celsius the rubber compound that is used in summer tyres will become hard and will lose its flexibility. When you have a soft tyre, the tyre can adapt to the road surface and the rubber is pressed into the small cavities in the surface to create a very good grip.
When you then try to drive during wintertime with summer tyres, they will have severely reduced grip when the temperature drops below zero. So even if you don’t have any snow or ice present, you should have winter tyres on your car for better driving performance during the cold weather. Summer tyres also have a tread pattern that is optimized for dry and warm summer roads. They can handle wet roads as well as they have been optimized for good wet grip, but not for any snow or ice. They have no features to handle snow or ice. As good as the summer tyre is on summer roads, it is almost equally bad on winter roads, as they have not been designed for that.
So even if you choose a non-studded tyre, that is a winter
tyre that doesn’t have metal studs, this tyre is still designed with winter
conditions in mind. The rubber compound used in these tyres will not get hard
even at very low temperatures and the tread is optimized for adding grip both
on snow and ice. The tread pattern will provide you with both grip and traction
for safe driving on ice, snow and even on slush. They will prevent you from
slushplaning, where the car in a similar way as aquaplaning, will lose contact
with the road surface and you end up sliding on a layer of slush.
If you live in areas that don’t really have severe winter weather, you might be able to use all-weather tyres. If you chose a winter approved all-weather tyre, it will have the properties of both a summer and a winter tyres combined into one, so that you have a perfect all year round tyre. This means that you are always ready to drive.
The term dedicated winter tyres is often used to tyres that are to be used only during the winter season and not during the summer. There are some all-weather tyres that are winter approved and can be used all year round, so they can be used instead of a winter tyre. Since dedicated winter tyres are not to be used during the summer months, you will need to have two sets of tyres. You will need your summer tyres and your winter tyres and change in between seasons.
When you change between the seasons it is important to get
the change done before the winter arrives and it is even enough with the cold
temperatures as the winter tyres perform better than summer tyres when the
temperature is below zero degrees. This is due to the fact that summer tyres
become hard and are not able to provide the same grip as they do in warm
temperatures. So you don’t have to wait for the snow to arrive to feel
comfortable with having winter tyres on, you should have them even as the
temperature drops below zero.
If you change too early it is not dangerous, while a late
change can be dangerous as it might force you to drive in winter conditions
with summer tyres on the car. The negative effect of having the winter tyres on
when it is warm, is a bit higher wear, while if you have summer tyres when it
is too cold, you might not have any grip. Obviously the same is true at the end
of the summer, that you don’t want to change back too early. You want to make
sure that the snow has left and will not return before next winter.
The dedicated tyres will have better performance in winter
conditions, as they have been designed solely for this purpose. Their tread
pattern is optimized for snow and ice combined with cold temperatures. All
all-weather tyre will have to take the full temperature range into perspective
as well as anything from snow to wet or hot tarmac. You will always have better
grip and performance from the dedicated, but with the all-weather tyre you will
have a lot of convenience and the fact that you are always ready to drive
regardless of weather conditions. This can be an advantage.
Driving in Germany during the winter require that you have adequate tyres for the weather conditions. You are however not allowed to use studded tyres in Germany. Even if you are just travelling across Germany to get to another country, you are not allowed to do so if you have winter tyres with studs. This can of course cause some problems when travelling between two countries that allow it, if you need to cross through Germany to get to the other country. In Germany you should have winter tyres without studs when you have winter conditions. If you are stopped with studded tyres, you will be fined and prohibited to continue driving until you have changed your tyres.
If you don’t have snow or ice, you can manage with summer
tyres according to the legislation. It is however always safer to
change to tyres that are designed for winter as soon as the temperature drops
below zero degrees. In Germany this gives you basically two options for safe
driving. One is to change your summer tyres to winter tyres as the cold weather
is approaching and then change back at the end of the cold season.
The other option is to go for an all-weather
tyre that can be used both during the summer and the winter. This gives
you the freedom to drive safely everyday regardless of weather. This is perfect
for your family car where you want to have the optimal safety whenever you are
driving. You might however not want to put these on your sports car, or if you
do you probably want to change then during the summer to a high performance
summer tyre to get the most out of your sports car in terms of performance. If
you don’t drive your sports car during the winter or if you are ok with not
driving it when the weather is bad, then you can just keep the summer tyres on
If you are in areas with a lot of snow and a longer winter
season, then it is always better to change between summer and winter tyres to
make sure that you have the best performance during both the winter and summer
season. Tyres are so important for the driving safety that it is always best to
have the optimal tyre option mounted on your car.
There is no excuse for not using winter tyres or winter approved tyres when driving in winter conditions. Not using winter approved tyres jeopardizes both your own and others’ safety and should be avoided. Winter tyres are extremely important and depending on the country, it might even be mandatory to use them. If they are not they should be just like seat belts and airbags are nowadays mandatory in cars. Even if it is mandatory in some countries the quality isn’t discussed, which should be done, as all tyres are not equal.
When you equip your car with high quality winter tyres, you make sure that
the car has the necessary grip and control. You do need to make sure that you
choose the right tyre for the area where you live and drive. You basically have
three different options depending on where you live. In the North you tend to
only have studded and non-studded tyres, in central Europe and part of south,
you have non-studded and all-weather tyres and in some cases also studded tyres
The all-weather and non-studded tyres are both without
studs as compared with the studded tyres that have metal studs protruding from
the tread. The metal studs give these tyres better grip and traction on ice.
These are superior on ice versus the non-studded options. Non-studded tyres
tend to introduce some grip particles in the tread to create the necessary grip
on ice. When it comes to snow and slush it is more down to the tread design,
where both the studded and the non-studded version are both good if they have a
good tread design.
The all-weather tyre is a tyre that can
be used throughout the whole year if they are approved for winter conditions,
while the non-studded winter tyre is to be used during the winter season. This
makes them a dedicated winter tyre that will have better winter properties than
the all-weather tyre, which does have capacity to work in winter conditions and
are much better than having summer tyres, which isn’t a safe option at all. The
all-weather tyres gives you a perfect tyre for area where your winters are not
that tough, but you want to be safe while driving when the winter weather
actually does arrive.
When you are in the market to buy a new set of winter tyres, it’s worthwhile to do some research or go to an expert tyre dealer. The correct tyre choice depends both on what type of vehicle you have and where you live. Some areas might have very harsh and long winters and some areas might only see some sporadic spells of winter weather. Then you of course have the areas where you don’t see any winter, where using winter tyres is not recommended unless they plan to drive to a winter destination.
When it comes to tyres that can handle winter, you have studded tyres, which have the best
possible grip and performance on icy surfaces. Then you also have non-studded
tyres that are full-fledged winter tyres that don’t use metal studs to create
grip. They use unique tread design and can use technology such as cryo-crystals
in the tread compound to create an abrasive surface that gives you grip on icy
surfaces. These tyres are not intended for summer use, as the rubber compound
and the tread design has been optimized for winter conditions. Finally you have
all-weather tyres that are approved for winter conditions.
Winter approved all-weather tyres, which are always
non-studded, are more all-round tyres that can be used all year round. They
have a rubber compound that can handle a wider temperature range. They will
allow you to be safe all year round regardless of weather. It is the perfect
tyre to use when you are really dependent on your car and you don’t want to
worry about the weather forecast or end up waking up in the morning to the fact
that you have the wrong tyres for the current weather conditions. They are
perfect for areas that don’t have so harsh winter conditions, so that you feel
that you don’t need fully dedicated winter tyres. If you have long harsh
winters, then your choice should be between studded or non-studded tyres. The
choice is more dependent on personal preference and your area’s weather
conditions. If you have more snow, they are both equally good and then the
non-studded gives you a bit more flexibility as you can freely travel between
countries. The studded tyres are thought superior if you drive in icy
conditions and want the ultimate grip, then the studded tyres is your best
Most people don’t think much of tyres except something that can get flat and that you have to change now and then. If you follow motorsports, you are probably more educated on the importance of the tyres, as many motor races are determined by the tyre selection and strategy. Formula 1 is probably the most extreme, where they choose between soft and hard tyres and optimize the grip and handling versus wear rate to try to win the races. Regardless what vehicle you have, if you don’t match it with proper tyres that can weaken and even ruinthe vehicles performance.
This is why in a similar way as in motorsports; you have to
think and choose righttyres to ensure that you get the most out of your
vehicle. For areas with varying weather conditions, you will most likely have
to choose more than one tyre set for your vehicle. It is not practical to have
more than two sets of tyres to cover the year, but if you could change tyres
quicker and easier, you might have ended up having more versatile options. It
is a bit in the same way that we have different shoes depending on what we plan
to do. Tennis shoes, walking shoes and beach flip-flops are all shoes, but
serves different purpose.
A family car, a SUV and a sport cars will have different kind
of tyre size as well as they will also
have different options for summer and winter. Summer tyres are the most
commonly used tyres and if you live in areas without real winters, you can use summer tyres all year round. If you
have some occasional winter conditions you can opt to have 2 sets or it will be
wise to think an all-weather tyre. The all-weather
tyres that are winter approved are a good compromise for being able to drive
all year round with the one and same set.
Electric cars and hybrids have battery packs that commonly make them heavier
than cars with combustion engines. A heavier car will take longer to stop,
which means that high-quality tyres become even more important especially on
slippery and wet surfaces and in case of surprises.
You should rotate the tyres in order to make them wear down as evenly as
possible. This will improve the car’s handling. Generally speaking, the tyres
on the driving wheels will wear out quicker than free-rolling tyres. If the
tyres are evenly worn, you should rotate them from the front axle to the rear
approximately every 8,000 kilometres. If two tyres are much better than the
others, you should fit them on the rear axle for safety reasons.